Belief in the Angels:
What are the Mala’ikah (Angels)?
Linguistic definition: plural of malak
When you understand the root, it helps you understand the word itself.
Some say that it comes from the word maalik which means owner.
Other scholars say it comes from the word malk, when you take things with great strength
Strongest opinion, Ibn Hajar (rahimahullah) had, is that it came from al-alooka, meaning message (risaalah)
What about the technical definition in the Shariah?
Difference between the technical definition and linguistic definition will always be there. Sometimes the word may even have a customary definition. For example, as-salaat, is prayer. Technical definition is that it is a certain prayer, with certain actions, beginning with takbeeratul ihram and ending with tasleem. Linguistic definition is that it means dua.
Linguistic meaning of zakaah is that someone is adding to something. But technical definition is what it is.
Sometimes we have to look at customary definition. Saa’ah: was referring to the hour, meaning the day of judgement. Saa’ah doesn’t have a specific linguistic definition.
When the Prophet (ﺻﻠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻢ) mentioned the measurement, we call that mikyaa, linguistically and technically there is no definition. Customary definition, was known.
Traveling, there is no technical or linguistic definition. We have to know the custom of the Prophet (ﺻﻠﻰ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭ ﺳﻠﻢ) and how it was understood.
Technical definition of Mala’ikah: benevolent beings, created from light, without free will completely devoted to the worship of Allah and carrying out certain functions on His Command (azza wa jal).
“All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the (only) Originator [or the (Only) Creator] of the heavens and the earth, Who made the angels messengers with wings, two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. Verily, Allah is Able to do all things.”
Pagan Arab View: Said that the angels were the daughters of Allah.
Allah (azza wa jal) also said: ‘that they said great lies about Allah. They said that Allah has children. Did he have children and he will take daughters and no sons? He needs children to help him, but no sons? How do you judge?’
This verse shows was a response to the pagan arabs- they used to feel shame for their daughters and now they attribute this to Allah. Allah is saying that you feel this way and you attribute this to Allah.
more to come, inshaAllah!