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Archive for January, 2008

Question:

I ask about Du’a in hard times. There are some Ahaadeeth in Saheeh Muslim which mentions that the Qunoot is Sunnah? Do we have to do it for every prayer?

Fatwa:

All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

As a rule, Qunoot is Sunnah in al-Witr prayer. This is the opinion of Imaam Ahmad and Imaam Abu Haneefah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them. It is better to make Qunoot in al-Witr prayer before Rukoo’, although it is acceptable to be after Rukoo’.

However, if any disaster or calamity befalls Muslims, such as epidemics, floods, fear from the enemy’s outrage, aggression, oppression or injustice, they are ordained to supplicate in Qunoot in the last Rak’ah of every obligatory prayer. Qunoot should be before or after the Rukoo’. Here are some evidence regarding Qunoot:

1. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, An-Nasaa’i and Ibn Majah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them on the authority of Anas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) supplicated Qunoot for one whole month, calling down the wrath of Allaah upon some Arab tribes (Arabs from Banu Sulaim, Rei’l and Thakwaan), then he left it (didn’t supplicate Qunoot anymore). Al-Bukhaari’s narration (reads); “He (the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )) supplicated with Qunoot when his missionaries (Qurraa’) were killed (by Arab tribes, Banu Sulaim, Rei’l and Thakwaan). I didn’t see him more grieved of any incident as he was in this incident .”

2. It is narrated by Ahmad, Muslim and at-Tirmithi on the authority of al-Bara’a Ibn ‘Aazeb  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him that the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) supplicated with Qunoot in Maghrib and Fajr prayer.

3. It is narrated by Ahmad and Abu Dawood on the authority of Ibn Abbaas  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him who said: “The Prophet  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) supplicated with Qunoot continuously during a whole month in Thuhr, Asr, Maghrib, ‘Ishaa, and Subh (Fajr) in the end of the prayer. He (the Prophet Muhammad  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention )) recited (Qunoot) after raising from Rukoo’ in the last Rak’ah, and then he called down the wrath of Allaah upon Banu Sulaim, Rei’l, Thakwaan and ‘Osayyah, and the followers (his companions who were praying after him) were saying Aameen.”

4. Qunoot should be preformed in the last Rak’ah of Thuhr and ‘Ishaa prayer, and in the Fajr prayer after saying: ‘Sami Allaahu Liman Hamidah’ (Allaah hears the one who praises Him). The supplicant should pray for believers and invoke evil on infidels.

As for Qunoot daily in Fajr prayer, there is a disagreement among Muslim scholars concerning this issue. Imaams Ahmad and Abu Haneefah  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  them held the opinion that it is not a Sunnah to make Qunoot in Fajr prayer or any other prayer except al-Witr. Maalik al-Ashjai’e  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him said to his father Abu Maalik al-Ashjai’e  may  Allaah  be  pleased  with  him: ‘You prayed with Allaah’s Messenger  sallallaahu  `alayhi  wa  sallam ( may  Allaah exalt his mention ) , Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, Uthman and with ‘Ali here in Kufa for five years. Did they make Qunoot in al-Fajr?’ His father replied: ‘O my son! It is something that has been innovated.’ (Reported by at-Tirmithi). Most scholars  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him follow such a rule. However, Imaams Maalik and al-Shaafi’e  may  Allaah  have  mercy  upon  him held the opinion that it is a Sunnah to make Qunoot in Fajr prayer at all times.

 

Allaah Knows best.

Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb

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Worse Than a Crime

By URI AVNERY

It looked like the fall of the Berlin wall. And not only did it look like it. For a moment, the Rafah crossing was the Brandenburg Gate.

It is impossible not to feel exhilaration when masses of oppressed and hungry people break down the wall that is shutting them in, their eyes radiant, embracing everybody they meet – to feel so even when it is your own government that erected the wall in the first place.

The Gaza Strip is the largest prison on earth. The breaking of the Rafah wall was an act of liberation. It proves that an inhuman policy is always a stupid policy: no power can stand up against a mass of people that has crossed the border of despair.

That is the lesson of Gaza, January, 2008……

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Bismillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam ala Rasool Allah,

I’ve never been fond of typical networking sessions that go on in corporate America-people come off disingenuous and the conversations leave you feeling like you just went to a used car dealership. Anyone who’s ever been to a dinner hosted by a professional organization knows what I’m talking about, and thats not including the drinking and general poor demeanor displayed by attendees (references to inappropriate topics in discussions leave you feeling awkward, people curse in the middle of sentences casually, etc.). Suffice it to say that I’m not a fan, and wasnt all that enthused at the prospect of attending another social/professional networking venue at my local masjid.

Having just returned a few hours ago from the dinner, I must say that I was thoroughly impressed. My primary reason for attending was the organizing committee: they are brothers that I know intimately and trust a lot when it comes to developing programs that conform to religious requirements. Along with that was the pure intrigue in seeing a professional Muslim organization serve as a tool by which Muslims can network across the spectrum of the IT industry without submitting to the entire dunyawi culture.
There were two speeches presented by a senior network architect for the Capital and another who is a Senior employee at Oracle. After the short speeches, they had dinner and people walked around and just talked, some looking for jobs and others looking for employees. As muslims, I think we have a golden opportunity in this country to empower ourselves financially throughout our various networks. At the very least you can rest assured that all the jobs being discussed were those where people can pray five times a day and go to salaatul jumuah (at least I hope!). It was interesting to see so many brothers I havent seen for years attend which may have been a sign of the economic instability that this country is finding itself in right now, and Allah Knows Best.

For anyone who wants to learn more about AMAP, you can check their website at

(the site is still under construction though).

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Bismillah, Walhamdulillah, Was Salaatu Was Salaam ala’ Rasool Allah.

If you havent already heard, Israel has proceeded with shutting down the only power plant in Ghaza.  This has left the area practically uninhabitable as the locals are no longer able to fulfill their basic daily operations in the absence of electricity and power.  MAS Freedom along with a host of other organizations are building a coalition to protest this massive injustice this Friday in Washington DC.  Please spread the word and make dua that Allah Assist all the Muslims who are facing difficulties and trials in the world today and that He give all the families patience during this difficult time.  Ameen.

MAS Freedom Calls for Day of Action This Friday (www.masnet.org)

WASHINGTON, D.C. (MASNET) Jan. 21, 2008 – MAS Freedom (MASF), as the civic and human rights advocacy entity of the Muslim American Society (MAS), in response to the continued human rights atrocities in Gaza, launches its ‘End the Embargo in Gaza campaign.

 

A humanitarian crisis is underway as news agencies report that Gaza Strip’s only power plant began to shut down on Sunday, because it can no longer receive fuel deliveries since Israel closed its border crossings. This marks the third full day the region has been without shipments of vital food and fuel supplies due to Israel’s punitive sanctions.

 

It is believed that Gaza‘s 1.5 million inhabitants face serious hardship resulting in all out famine, disease and malnutrition as the current humanitarian disaster is deepened by the blockade on fuel and food supplies. The cut-off of fuel supplies not only affects the electrical system, but the water supply, and the entire infrastructure in Gaza – everything.

 

This kind of action, in addition to the continued exchange of rocket-fire against the people in Gaza, cannot be justified.

 

Israel was aware of the foreseeable loss of life and injury to many civilians when it targeted the Ministry of Interior building in Gaza City last week. This, plus the border closures, raises very serious questions about Israel’s respect for international law and its Commitment to the peace process, in addition to violating the strict prohibition on collective punishment contained in the Fourth Geneva Convention, and one of the basic principles of international humanitarian law: that military action must distinguish between military targets and civilian targets.

 

“The embargo in Gaza is a gross human rights violation forcing collective punishment on the entire population, which is a clear violation of international law. Didn’t we learn anything from the Iraqi sanctions, which produced the death of over a half-million Iraqi children?

 

“The international community has condemned this unconscionable act, yet, as usual, our government is silent and has done nothing. We will not be silent in the fact of this condemnable behavior and we call upon all Americans of good will and conscience to join us in calling for a cease fire on both sides and an end to the Gaza embargo,” stated MAS Freedom Executive Director, Mahdi Bray.

 

MAS Freedom will hold a rally in front of the Israeli Embassy on Friday, January 25, 2008, and encourages the nation to hold rallies in solidarity on Friday in front of Israeli consulars nationwide.

 

WHAT

‘End the Embargo in Gaza‘ Rally

WHEN

Friday, January 25, 2008 at 3:30 PM

WHERE

Israeli Embassy

3514 International Drive, N.W.

Washington, D.C. 20008

(between Connecticut Ave. and Reno Road)

 

Action Items – How YOU Can Help:

 

·     Help build a coalition with religious and civic organizations in your area

·     Organize a coalition to protest and/or hold press conferences in front of Israeli consulates (find the consulate nearest you here)

·     Call to Imams to dedicate Friday Jummah services to the humanitarian crisis in Gaza

·     Call embassies of Muslim countries to tactfully protest their silence of the embargo and blockade

·     Contact your congressmen and senators, and demand action to end/lift the embargo on Gaza (find your representative’s contact information here)

 

Contact MASF toll-free at 1-888-627-8471 or by sending an email to MAS4Freedom@aol.com.

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Da Vinci Code…Muslim Style

Bismillah, Was Salaatu Was Salaam Ala Rasool Allah

Just wanted to inform everyone of an awesome dawah initiative by Dr. Laurence B. Brown. He is currently in the midst of producing a novel that reads like the Da Vinci Code entitled “The Eighth Scroll”, which is essentially a mystery/thriller, except that this book would be intended to teach people about Islam. Anybody thats ever read the Da Vinci Code knows that the amount you learn about Free Masonry, the Templar Knights, and Christianity is pretty significant as you go through the book. It is littered with random tidbits of information which are pretty interesting to the reader. This book would work the same way with the intent of explaining Islam to Non-Muslims.

I like the idea, especially for those who are worried about presenting islam in a confrontational way. I pray that Allah Assists him in this effort and makes the book a means of guidance for many.

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What follows was written by the late Mohandis Gandhi’s grandson, Arun Gandhi concerning the Jewish Identity.

Interesting statistic: Since the famous Annapolis meetings, 115 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli fire in Gaza.  0 Israeli casualties have been reported.  No comment.

“Jewish identity in the past has been locked into the Holocaust experience,” wrote Arun Gandhi, who heads the M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence at the University of Rochester in New York. “It is a very good example of [how] a community can overplay a historic experience to the point that it begins to repulse friends.”

According to Gandhi, “The world did feel sorry for the episode [the Holocaust,] but when an individual or a nation refuses to forgive and move on, the regret turns into anger.”

Gandhi is pessimistic about the future of Jewish identity, which “appears bleak” because “any nation that remains anchored to the past is unable to move ahead, and especially a nation that believes its survival can only be ensured by weapons and bombs.”

In the blog entry, posted to the Washington Post’s On Faith blog on Monday and titled “Jewish Identity Can’t Depend on Violence,” Gandhi wonders whether Israelis would not be better served “to befriend those who hate you” rather than turning Israel into “a snake pit” through “your attitude toward your neighbors.”

“Apparently, in the modern world, so determined to live by the bomb, this is an alien concept,” he wrote, concluding: “You don’t befriend anyone, you dominate them. We have created a culture of violence (Israel and the Jews are the biggest players) and that culture of violence is eventually going to destroy humanity.”

The blog posting is followed by an apology posted on Thursday.

“I am writing to correct some regrettable misimpressions I have given in my comments on my blog this week. While I stand behind my criticisms of the use of violence by recent Israeli governments – and I have criticized the governments of the US, India and China in much the same way – I want to correct statements that I made with insufficient care, and that have inflicted unnecessary hurt and caused anger,” he wrote.

Gandhi insists he does “not believe and should not have implied that the policies of the Israeli government are reflective of the views of all Jewish people,” but affirms that “when a people hold on to historic grievances too firmly it can lead to bitterness and the loss of support from those who would be friends.”

Nonetheless, he concludes, “The suffering of the Jewish people, particularly in the Holocaust, was historic in its proportions.”

For Dr. Efraim Zuroff, the Simon Wiesenthal Center’s Israel director, Arun Gandhi’s thoughts on “Jewish identity” are “exceptionally strange, especially in light of the fact that there’s never been any history of anti-Semitism in India and among Hindus.”

According to Zuroff, the notion that Jewish identity is “locked into” the Holocaust and causes resentment, coupled with the statement that “Israel and the Jews are the biggest players” in a “culture of violence [that] is eventually going to destroy humanity,” clearly amount to anti-Semitism.

Furthermore, Gandhi’s words reflect his grandfather’s misunderstanding of the Jewish situation, Zuroff said.

“Sometimes people become obsessed with their own agenda to the extent that they think it’s the solution to every problem,” he said. “Even the great Mohandas Gandhi did not have a monopoly on wisdom, and the best proof of that was his suggestion that Jews engage in passive resistance against the Nazis. It’s an absurd response in the face of absolute totalitarianism and a movement like Nazism. It’s like saying the Indian army should disband and let the Taliban and al-Qaida and the Pakistanis overrun the country.”

Arun Gandhi’s comments “obviously show his distinct lack of ability to analyze history. With all due respect to his lineage and the wonderful idea he represents, this is an outrageous statement that does no credit to him, his family or his institution,” Zuroff said.

The original blog post garnered more than 500 responses, many expressing support for what they understood as Gandhi’s anti-Zionist statements.

Gandhi is not new to controversy regarding Israel. During a visit to Israel in 2004 he called on tens of thousands of Palestinians in Jordan to march across the Jordan River and enter Israel in a nonviolent protest. He also reportedly said at the time that the Palestinians’ situation was “10 times worse” than that of blacks under South Africa’s apartheid regime.

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Fasting In Muharram

Fasting in the month of Muharram is highly desired, especially on the tenth day, ‘Ashura. The Messenger of Allah (saas) has been reported as saying when asked which prayer is better after obligatory prayer: “Prayer in the middle of the night.” He was asked again which fast is better after Ramadan. He said: “In the month that is called Al-Muharram.” (Ahmed, Muslim, and Abu Dawud)This hadith clearly indicates the importance of voluntary fasting in Muharram, among all the months. The Prophet (saas) however, emphasizes the fast of the tenth day, ‘Ashura. The word “`Ashura” is derived from `Ashara, which means ten. The observation of this day goes back to Prophet Musa bin ‘Emran (saas). In a hadith related by Ibn Abbas (raa) when the Messenger of Allah (saas) came to Medina, he found the Jews fasting the day of ‘Ashura. He inquired why do they did so. They replied that it was a good day, the day which Allah delivered Prophet Musa (saas) and the children of Israel from their enemy. As gratitude Musa (saas) fasted that day.The Prophet (saas) responded: “I have more right to Musa than you.” He fasted the day and commanded the believers to fast.” (Agreed upon.)This hadith indicates that the Prophet (saas) was in complete agreement with Prophet Musa (saas) as well as the other prophets. The point here is that the Messenger of Allah would always do an act of worship if it was prophecy reported from any of the prophets. Earlier, we see how he told us that the best voluntary fast is the fast of Dawud.This is why the following hadith is of great interest to us. Ibn Abbas related when Prophet Muhammad (saas) observed the day of ‘Ashura and commanded his followers to observe it, they asked him: “O Messenger of Allah (saas) this is the day the Jews, and Christians respect and honor…” The Prophet (saas) promised them that “Next year Allah willing, we shall fast the ninth, tasuu’aa, along with the tenth.” By the next Muharram, the Prophet (saas) had already passed away. Because the believers, desire to emulate Prophet Musa in fasting on ‘Ashura do so with the desire not to participate in the festivity of the People of the Book, who have reduced the day to a mere formality.

The Prophet (saas) decided to remove this ambiguity with the fast of the ninth day.Our ‘Ulama, analyzing all reports from the Prophet (saas) regarding Muharram, stated the fast of Muharram can be viewed in three ways:1. Fasting three days of Muharram, the ninth, tenth and eleventh.2. Fasting on the ninth and tenth days because of two previous Hadiths.3. Fasting on the tenth day alone.It is to celebrate on the day of `Ashura. In a hadith by Jabir Bin Abdullah, the Messenger of Allah (saas) said: “Whoever spends generously on himself and his family on the day of `Ashura, Allah will provide for him generously the rest of his year.” (Al-Bayhaqi)For more information on fasting in Muharram and the day of Aashura, click here.

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